The 4D passive microseismic  methods  uses the induced seismicity and performs the mapping   of artificial fractures. The suite of methods  MicroSeismicPRM (MSPRM)  includes  method for Short-Term monitoring   ST-MSPRM (Multistage Hydraulic Fracturing) and method for Long-Term monitoring  LT- MSPRM ( Waterflooding, Estimation of  Drainage Area, Underground Gas Storage)

The MicroSeismicPRM is based on:

  • Mathematical results for  inverse source problem  “Seismic Moment Tensor Inverse Problem”
  • Parallel Supercomputing Processing
  • High-Density Microseismic   Acquisition System

For more details see MicroSeismicPRM.