4DPRM Technologies Team presents the new fundamental Approach for the oil&gas prospecting and development based on the natural or artificial fractures. The Approach is called Four Dimensional Permanent Reservoir Monitoring Approach (4DPRM Approach).
The 4DPRM Approach includes two types of seismic 4DPRM methods: 4D active seismic methods and 4D passive microseismic methods.
The first suite of the 4DPRM active seismic methods performs the mapping of the pre-existing or natural fractures, based on the imaging of Diffractivity, Reflectivity, Impedance, DIP, AVO,Open Angle, Frequency, MVA etc . This suite of methods is called the FracturePRM and includes the multi dimensional spectral method CSPD and the full vector decomposition method VPRTM.
The second suite of the 4D passive microseismic methods uses the induced seismicity and performs the mapping of artificial fractures. This suite of methods is called the MicroSeismicPRM (MSPRM) and includes method for Short-Term monitoring ST-MSPRM (Multistage Hydraulic Fracturing) and method for Long-Term monitoring LT- MSPRM ( Waterflooding, Estimation of Drainage Area, Underground Gas Storage)
4DPRM Approach is the basis for realizing a Grand Challenge Project: “Smart Oil Field Project” which is designed to optimize the cost of the development the hydrocarbon fields and includes, in particularly, the Technology “Smart Horizontal Drilling“.
The Smart Oil Field Project based on the:
- High-density Acquisition Systems
- Supercomputer Processing
- Simultaneous Joint Inversion
One of the implemented 4DPRM technologies, extremely relevant today, is Smart Horizontal Drilling (SHD) technology for optimizing the horizontal drilling schemes in order to maximize production rates, at the stage of design development with subsequent mapping of the Multistage Hydraulic Fracturing (MSHF).