4DPRM Technologies Team presents the new fundamental Approach for the procpecting and development natural and artificial fractures. The Approach is called Four Dimensional Permanent Reservoir Monitoring Approach (4DPRM Approach).
The 4DPRM Approach includes two types of seismic 4DPRM methods: 4D active seismic methods and 4D passive microseismic methods.
First suite the 4DPRM active seismic methods performs the mapping of the pre-existing or natural fractures, based on the imaging of Diffractivity Image, Reflectivity Image, Impedance, DIP, AVO,Open Angle, Frequency, MVA etc . This suite of methods is called FracturePRM and includes the multi dimensinal spectral method CSPD and full vectors decomposition method VPRTM.
Second suite the 4D passive microseismic methods uses the induced seismicity and performs the mapping of artificial fractures. This suite of methods is called MicroSeismicPRM (MSPRM) and includes method for Short-Time monitoring ST-MSPRM (Multistage Hydraulic Fracturing) and method for Long-Time monitoring LT- MSPRM
( Waterflooding, Estimation of Drainage Area, Underground Gas Storage)
4DPRM Approach is the basis for realyzing a Grand Challenge Project: Smart Oil Field Project which is designed to optimize the cost of the development the hydrocarbon fields .
The Smart Oil Field Project based on the:
- High-density Acquisition Systems
- Supercomputing Processing
- Simultaneous Joint Inversion